|Human Rights Violation
| NEUTRAL CONTRIBUTING FACTORS
|Remote Location: This is a “neutral” contributing factor that indicates
that the location is far removed from most media outlets, have few if any
reporters present at a given time and or few relief organizations functioning
in the area. Such locations can lend themselves easily to human rights violations
that are not easy to monitor.
|PRECURSORS OF GENOCIDE
|Frequent One-sided Casualties: This can be a conflict where one
side is poorly armed and unable to defend themselves well or can indicate
a physical massacre of a group of people during any one of several situations
including civil disobedience and ethnic cleansing. When one side of the
conflict/disagreement suffers a disproportionately high amount of casualties
compared to their opponent, this is considered the most dangerous precursor
to genocide and may indicate the presence of a policy of genocide.
|Frequent Physical Brutality: These abuses include but are not limited
to mutilation, torture, beating and rape.
|Deprivation of Food and Water: This precursor of genocide may quickly
lead to starvation and may consist of cutting water supplies, redirecting
a river, preventing food supplies from being delivered.
|Ethnic Cleansing: This can be the most serious precursor of genocide
because it is frequently accompanied by massacres and acts of genocide.
It is the forced movement of a group of people from one area to another.
|Internment/Isolation of a Minority: This abuse can encompass the
sealing of towns and villages and restricting the use of travel, medical
care, food delivery and communication. It also refers to the forced relocation
of a group of people to a camp or site that they may not leave.
|Media/Government Vilification Campaign: When a government or the
main parts of the public or state owned media broadcast consistently broadcast
remarks or commentary that urge the destruction of, or abet the vilification
of, or use dehumanizing terminology in reference to a minority, it has historically
set the stage for the persecution of minorities.
|Temple Destruction: When a place of worship or historical artifact
or structure is destroyed that had great or significant value to a minority
it often is a preliminary sign of the targeting of a particular minority.
|Property Destruction: When dwellings, businesses, markets, gathering
places of a minority are destroyed.
| CIVIL RIGHTS/HUMAN RIGHTS
|Segregation of a Minority: When a group of people are restricted
in their mobility from cultural, educational or other social or political
centers or events. A minority curfew, or separate facilities for any public
or private good or service would also be considered an abuse of this nature.
|Disarming of a Minority: When a particular group of people is disarmed
and not the public at large this is a civil right discrimination against
that group with dangerous portends.
|Restricted Speech, Press and Political Access: When a group of
people do not have access to the public and private media mediums, when
articles of that group are censured, if members of that group are jailed
or suffer serious consequences for publishing, meeting or holding political
meetings – these qualify as abuses of these types. Denying a minority access
to their right to vote or intimidating voters or requiring special standards
to be met for minority voters constitutes denial of political access.
|Habeas Corpus Abuse: The improper jailing of members of a group
without due process of the law.
|Restricted Transportation: Denying a group of people access to
the public transportation services, roads or waterways, or the restriction
of use of those services to certain areas or times of day.
|Restricted Religious Service: Denying a group access to their place
of worship or creating conditions where access to / or practice of their
religion would serve the same effect.
|Restricted Intermarriage: Denial of a group of people the civil
right to marry members of another group.
|Second Class Citizenship: This civil rights abuse includes higher
taxes for a particular group, special markings or clothing and restrictions
of civil participation even if codified into law.
|Unilateral Abrogation of a Treaty: When a nation, ethnicity, religious
or political group in a position of strength over another group unilaterally
cancels the terms of a treaty signed and agreed by both parties.
| Restricted Culture and Education: When a group is not allowed
to practice their traditions, culture and educational practices when it
is not to the detriment of other groups.