Further massacres prevented by President Megawati’s swift action. During
the December 1st weekend Christians were massacred at the hands of Laskar
Jihad warriors in the Poso area of Sulawesi. Widespread displacement resulted
as tens of thousands of Christians fled to Tentena where they were surrounded
by members of Laskar Jihad. A massacre appeared imminent when President
Megawati sent 4000 troops in to protect the Christians of Tentena. The Genocide
Prevention Center was the first non-Indonesian organization to release word
of the massacres to the press and wire services. It also facilitated word
to the US Congress and UN agencies.
Sudan: Nuba Mountains: A Man-Induced famine at the hands of the Northern
Government was narrowly averted when former US Senator Danforth negotiated
a window of delivery for the WFP in conjunction with USAID. Approximately
500 of the 85,000 in grave danger of starvation perished. The 2000 metric
tons of relief arrived in time to save the vast majority at risk from starvation.
The government of Sudan has been systematically bombing relief flights and
civilians as they plant their crops.
Afghanistan: The fall of the Taliban has ended the immediate danger
to the Hazara minority. Other ethnic strife remains a strong possibility
as the interim government presides over a fragile coalition. Reprisal killings
and old ethnic and personal tensions remain a large obstacle to the peace
and represent a looming danger for future massacres.
Sudan: Nuer, Dinka and the South: Massacres, ethnic cleansing, slavery,
internment camps and other massive crimes against humanity appear to be
motivated by the Northern government’s attempt to clear the oil concession
areas and institute Sharia in the South.
Indonesia: Moluccas: Laskar Jihad has massacred over 2000 Christians
in this island chain over the past year. They are attempting to ethnically
cleanse the islands after a group of Christians killed approximately 500
Muslims in Kao last year. Laskar Jihad had recently stopped killing Christians
and began to force male and female circumcision for conversion to Islam.
Borneo: In January of 2001 469 Manduras were massacred, many beheaded,
at the hands of ethnic Dayaks. This is the third series of Massacres in
Central Kalimantan since 1996. The root cause appears to be Dayak frustration
over Mandurese success since migrating to the island.
Great Lakes: DRCongo/Rwanda: The possible return of additional Hutu
militia back to Rwanda could further destabilize the region. DRCongo Remains
unstable and the war related dead figures remain staggeringly high, near
the 2,000,000 mark.
North Korea: Man-induced famine appears to have occurred when the
North Korean government exacerbated the already famine conditions by stealing
food aid intended for starving communities. The North Korean government
appears to be systematically starving portions of its population it deems
to be expendable. It appears to then be hoarding that portion of the population’s
food. While neutral third party confirmation proves very difficult, almost
all aid workers who left the country in protest estimate that the level
of theft appears to be around 70% of all relief.
Aceh: The GAM independence movement and the government appear to
be intractible in their positions. If further fighting ensues it stands
to reason that massacres and the 75% casualty rate comprised of civilians
will continue as a characteristic of the conflict.
Burma: Government forced displacement of ethnic Karen, Shen and other
minorities continues to occur. This action is largely an ethnic cleansing,
however, there are several documented occurrences of small-scale massacres
occurring with the cleansing.
Zimbabwe: The British brokered agreement between the white land owners
and the Mugabe government appears to be faltering. The government has recently
begun targeting journalists and the climate in the country remains very
volatile. The minority of European descended farmers and opposition leaders
appear to be the likely target of the government’s arrests and harassment