Hotspot Micro-Report


Ituri province, in the North East of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been the scene of bloody inter-ethnic clashes, factional fighting amongst rival rebel militia and increasing levels of reprisal killings. Civilians have borne the brunt of this violence from all sides where over 50,000 people have been killed in Ituri province since the war begun in 1999. In addition, rape, mutilations, arson, kidnapping are prevalent. Half a million people have been displaced, the region faces food insecurity and public health diseases like cholera and typhoid are on the increase.

The situation has begun to show signs of improvement since the deployment of a French-led EU team to Bunia, the capital of Ituri in June, 2003. The French team is expected to leave by September 1st, this year, when UN troops are expected to take their place. Outside Bunia, however, the situation remains alarming with the killing of civilians still going on and the population remains largely inaccessible to humanitarian relief efforts.

 It remains to be seen whether the Security Council of the United Nations will endorse a mandate that extends the safe zone beyond Bunia – where an estimated 4 million people remain at risk. 




Types of Abuse and Danger
  • Rape (UN IRIN; HRW; BBC; MONUC, Amnesty International, Save the Children -UK)
  • Forcible recruitment of children under 18 years (UN IRIN, Save the Children-UK, BBC, Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers)
  • Torture (HRW, Amnesty International)
  • Mutilations (UN IRIN, HRW)
  • Kidnapping (UN IRIN; MONUC)
  • Arson (UN IRIN, Save the Children-UK)
  • Deliberate targeting of civilians (UN IRIN, HRW; Amnesty International, The Economist)
  • Arbitrary executions (BBC; HRW)
Field ContactsVerification
  1. International Press/Media
  2. Embassies
  3. International Human Rights NGOs
  4. International Relief NGOs

International Contacts:

Special Representative of the Secretary-General
UN High Commission for Refugees
United Nations Human Rights Commission
Office for Coordination Human Affairs
UN Secretary-General’s Office
UN Security Council
United Nations Mission in Congo (MONUC)

US Contacts:

State Department

  • State emergency task force

Congress and Senate

  • Sub-Committee and caucus-committee for human rights
  • Sub Committee on Africa

Foreign Ministries:

Embassy of the DR Congo
Embassy of Algeria
Embassy of Argentina
Embassy of Bangladesh
Embassy of Belgium
Embassy of Benin
Embassy of Bolivia
Embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina Embassy of Burkina Faso
Embassy of Cameroon
Embassy of Canada
Embassy of China
Embassy of Côte d’Ivoire
Embassy of the Czech Republic
Embassy of Denmark
Embassy of Egypt
Embassy of Finland
Embassy of France
Embassy of Ghana
Embassy of Guinea
Embassy of India
Embassy of Iceland
Embassy of Indonesia
Embassy of Ireland
Embassy of Italy
Embassy of Jordan
Embassy of Kenya
Embassy of Malawi
Embassy of Malaysia
Embassy of Mali
Embassy of Mongolia
Embassy of Morocco
Embassy of Mozambique
Embassy of Nepal
Embassy of Niger
Embassy of Nigeria
Embassy of Norway
Embassy of Pakistan
Embassy of Paraguay
Embassy of Poland
Embassy of Portugal
Embassy of Romania
Embassy of the Russian Federation Embassy of Senegal
Embassy of the Republic of South Africa Embassy of Spain
Embassy of Sri Lanka
Embassy of Sweden
Embassy of Switzerland
Embassy of Tunisia
Embassy of Turkey
Embassy of Ukraine
Embassy of the United Kingdom
Embassy of Uruguay
Embassy of Zambia



Washington Post
Washington Times
LA Times
Chicago Tribune
The East African
The Monitor (Uganda)



International Crisis Group
Int. Committee for Red Cross
ECHO – European Humanitarian Aid Office
Amnesty International
Human Rights Watch
United States Institute of Peace


Collaborating Human Rights Organization

The International Crisis Group

Latest News Links

BBC News
French Boost DR Congo Presence

BBC News
New Fighting Flares in DR Congo 

Refugees International
DRC:  Long-term “Solutions” Don’t Save Lives Today 

The Guardian (UK)
French Say Their Congo Mission Will Have Little Impact on Fighting,12292,974060,00.html 

Fighting in Congo North Kivu Sends Thousands Fleeing


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