Richard O’Brien (703) 528-1002
The Center for the
Prevention of Genocide endorses Refugees International and the
International Crisis Group’s Recommendations for an Expanded MONUC Mandate
Arlington, VA – An improved MONUC
(United Nations mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo) mandate
will directly contribute to the protection of civilians and reduce
casualties in a war that has already caused 3 million deaths since 1998. A
weak or incomplete mandate can lead to an ineffectual impact on the ground
by UN forces sent to protect Congolese civilians in Ituri. The Center for
the Prevention of Genocide endorses the following recommendations to
strengthen the mandate:
- The mandate should state explicitly that MONUC
protect civilians under imminent threat.
- The mandate should make provisions that authorize
military field commanders to create temporary safe zones in the field
where hotspots arise or are expected to arise to prevent further violence
and reprisal killings (CPG).
- The mandate should ensure clear corridors for the
safe passage of humanitarian aid to civilians and internally displaced
persons in jeopardy (ICG/RI).
- MONUC should deploy both task forces to protect
civilians and carry out disarmament, demobilization, repatriation,
resettlement and reintegration (“DR”) programs simultaneously. This should
be carried out as quickly as possible in the eastern DRC (ICG/RI) and the
mission should include a provision that provides flexibility to expand
operations to danger zones in the North and South Kivus.
- Member Nations should ensure that the mandate be
supported by sufficient combat forces that are trained, equipped, and
configured to enforce it (RI).
- MONUC should deploy to Ituri and have an unambiguous
mandate to ensure stability. It should be proportionate, well trained, and
equipped to enforce that mandate (RI).
agreed to an increase in the ceiling of personnel numbers for the UN mission
from 8,700 to 10,800 and to support a tougher mandate (Guardian Unlimited
CPG: Center for
the Prevention of Genocide
“DR”: Disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, resettlement and
ICG: International Crisis Group
RI: Refugees International