Hotspot Micro-Report



Religious tension between Hindus and Muslims has long plagued the Indian subcontinent.  In the northwestern region of Gujarat, this tension exploded into numerous outbreaks of communal violence over the past eighteen months.  Over 2,000 people have lost their lives since February 2002, while others have been victims of rape, mutilation, and intimidation.  Furthermore, numerous homes, businesses, and places of worship were destroyed, and over 100,000 people displaced by the violence.  Although Muslims and Hindus are mutually hostile, Muslims have been the targets of pre-planned, well-orchestrated attacks, and therefore constitute the overwhelming majority of victims.  This large-scale organized violence has been facilitated by the compliance and complicity of the Hindu nationalist-dominated state government.  The political activity of Hindu nationalists not only exacerbates communal violence, but also threatens the administration of justice in the aftermath of the attacks.  Corruption of the judicial process in favor of the Hindu majority aggravates tensions in the region, thus setting the stage for increased hostilities.  Additionally, the recent institution of religious restrictions on minority groups threatens the stability of relations between Hindus and members of other religious organizations.






Types of Abuse and Danger
  • Massacre of unarmed civilians (Human Rights Watch (HRW); Center for the Prevention of Genocide (CPG) Country Report)

  • Systematic rape and targeting of women (Indian Express Online; CPG Special Report)

  • Inflammatory reporting by local media (,

  • Arbitrary arrest and detention (HRW)

  • Retaliatory violence (The Hindu Online)

  • State complicity and compliance (CPG Country Report, HRW)

  • Corruption of the judicial process (Amnesty International, NHRC – India)

  • Failure of the government to provide for internally displaced persons (HRW)

  • Restriction of religious rights of minority groups (BBC News, HRW)

Field Contacts Verification
  1. International Media

  2. Embassies

  3.  International Human Rights NGOs

  4. International Relief NGOs

  5. National Organizations

  6. Local Organizations


International Contacts:

United Nations Office of the Secretary General
United Nations Security Council
United Nations Development Programme
United Nations High Commission for Human Rights
United Nations High Commission for Refugees
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
European Union

United States Contacts:

Department of State:

  • Human Rights, Democracy and Labor

  • Bureau of South Asian Affairs

  • Emergency Task Force


House of Representatives

  • Committee on International Relations

  • House Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific


  • Committee on Foreign Relations

  • Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs

  • Congressional Caucus on Human Rights

Foreign Ministries:

Embassy of India                                 
Embassy of the Netherlands
Embassy of Pakistan                            
Embassy of Belgium
Embassy of Sri Lanka              
Embassy of Finland
Embassy of the United Kingdom          
Embassy of Denmark
Embassy of Norway                            
Embassy of Canada
Embassy of Sweden                            
Embassy of European Union
Embassy of France                             
Embassy of Russia
Included are UN ambassadors from these countries


Non-Governmental Organizations / Other:

International Crisis Group
Human Rights Watch
Amnesty International
International Committee of the Red Cross
      –  Indian Red Cross Society

National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) – India
People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) – Delhi, India
Indian Institute for Peace, Disarmament and Environmental Protection – Nagpur, India
Center for Dialogue and Reconciliation – Haryana, India
Institute for Conflict Management – New Delhi, India
Institute for Development and Communication – Chandigarh, India
PRASHANT – Ahmedabad, India


The Washington Post
Washington Times
LA Times
Chicago tribune
New York Times
Associated Press
United Press International
The Times of India
The News India Times
The Hindustan


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