gujarat monitor


Hotspot Micro-Report



Religious tension between Hindus
and Muslims has long plagued the Indian subcontinent.  In the northwestern
region of Gujarat, this tension exploded into numerous outbreaks of communal
violence over the past eighteen months.  Over 2,000 people have lost their
lives since February 2002, while others have been victims of rape, mutilation,
and intimidation.  Furthermore, numerous homes, businesses, and places of
worship were destroyed, and over 100,000 people displaced by the
violence.  Although Muslims and Hindus are mutually hostile, Muslims have
been the targets of pre-planned, well-orchestrated attacks, and therefore
constitute the overwhelming majority of victims.  This large-scale
organized violence has been facilitated by the compliance and complicity of the
Hindu nationalist-dominated state government.  The political activity of
Hindu nationalists not only exacerbates communal violence, but also threatens
the administration of justice in the aftermath of the attacks.  Corruption
of the judicial process in favor of the Hindu majority aggravates tensions in
the region, thus setting the stage for increased hostilities. 
Additionally, the recent institution of religious restrictions on minority
groups threatens the stability of relations between Hindus and members of other
religious organizations.






Types of Abuse and Danger
  • Massacre of unarmed civilians (Human Rights Watch (HRW); Center for the
    Prevention of Genocide (CPG) Country Report)

  • Systematic rape and targeting of women (Indian Express Online; CPG Special

  • Inflammatory reporting by local media

  • Arbitrary arrest and detention (HRW)

  • Retaliatory violence (The
    Hindu Online)

  • State complicity and compliance (CPG Country Report, HRW)

  • Corruption of the judicial process (Amnesty International, NHRC – India)

  • Failure of the government to provide for internally displaced persons (HRW)

  • Restriction of religious rights of minority groups (BBC News, HRW)

Field Contacts Verification
  1. International Media

  2. Embassies

  3.  International Human
    Rights NGOs

  4. International Relief NGOs

  5. National Organizations

  6. Local Organizations


International Contacts:

United Nations Office of the
Secretary General

United Nations Security Council

United Nations Development Programme

United Nations High Commission for Human Rights

United Nations High Commission for Refugees

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

European Union

United States Contacts:

Department of State:

  • Human Rights, Democracy and Labor

  • Bureau of South Asian Affairs

  • Emergency Task Force


House of Representatives

  • Committee on International Relations

  • House Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific


  • Committee on Foreign Relations

  • Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs

  • Congressional Caucus on Human Rights

Foreign Ministries:

Embassy of

Embassy of the Netherlands

Embassy of

Embassy of Belgium

Embassy of Sri Lanka

Embassy of Finland

Embassy of the United

Embassy of Denmark

Embassy of

Embassy of Canada

Embassy of Sweden

Embassy of European Union

Embassy of

Embassy of Russia

Included are UN ambassadors from these countries


Non-Governmental Organizations / Other:

International Crisis Group

Human Rights Watch

Amnesty International

International Committee of the Red Cross

      –  Indian Red Cross Society

National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) – India

People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) – Delhi, India

Indian Institute for Peace, Disarmament and Environmental Protection – Nagpur,

Center for Dialogue and Reconciliation – Haryana, India

Institute for Conflict Management – New Delhi, India

Institute for Development and Communication – Chandigarh, India

PRASHANT – Ahmedabad, India


The Washington Post

Washington Times

LA Times

Chicago tribune

New York Times




Associated Press

United Press International

The Times of India

The News India Times



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