SUDAN
Hotspot Micro-Report

 
Summary/Danger

The current negotiations to end the Sudanese civil war are reaching a dead end. On the side of the government, the SPLA demands for rule over Southern Sudan, edge on dismemberment of the country and is against the Machakos Protocol of unity of Sudan. Despite the waning of the negotiations,  Southern Sudan which used to be the main scene of massacres,  has reportedly remained largely calm since the latest massacres in Darfur, when the government admitted at least 7,000 displaced persons.  The government bears the bigger responsibility for the killings by either directly conducting operations or using militia groups. The SPLA (Sudanese People’s Liberation Army), the opposition, is responsible for the smaller part, together with other affiliated militias.

The remote spots of Southern Sudan and the Nuba Mountains range, have been under terror latest since 1983. In an attempt to impose Islam on the Dinka, Nuer and Nuba people, a mixture of Christians, animists and local religions, the Islamic government has consistently oppressed  non-Arab ethnic minorities.  Lack of international observance has led in the first half of 2002 to massive human rights abuses in oil-rich Southern Sudan, recently  involving man-induced famine in the dry season, raiding of villages, displacement, denial of humanitarian aid.  General genocidal behavior involves, slave-taking, mutilation, massive killings and child-soldier taking. The failure of the current negotiations might have grave consequences for the human rights situation.



 
Evidence of Abuse and Danger


Man-induced famine (first-hand sources from the field)

Bombing (Norwegian People’s Aid, US Committee for Refugees)

Blockading of Humanitarian Aid (IRIN, WHO)

Raiding of Villages (UNICEF, International Eminent Persons Group)

Slavery (including servitude, (CARE International)

Field Contacts/Verification


Individuals

Human Rights Organizations

International Relief Organizations

Dissemination


US Department of State, African Bureau

UN Mission of Sudan

OCHA

UNHCHR

Bureau of Democracy,HR and Labour

UN World Food Program

Embassy of Kenya to the US

Embassy of Ethiopia to the US

Latest News Links

IRIN NEWS
Sudan: Concern Over Reported Arrest of Women Activists

June 9, 2003
http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=34614&SelectRegion=East_Africa&SelectCountry=SUDAN

IRIN NEWS
Sudan: Watchdog Publicizes Attacks on Civilians
May 28, 2003
http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=34363&SelectRegion=East_Africa&SelectCountry=SUDAN

BBC
Thousands of slaves in Sudan
May 28, 2003
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2942964.stm

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
Sudan: Crisis in Darfur – urgent need international commission of inquiry monitoring

April 28, 2003
http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/ENGAFR540262003

 

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